Color: Heartwood is
yellowish to orange-brown when freshly cut, turning brown or dark red-
brown upon exposure.
Grain: Straight to interlocked or wavy; coarse
Variations Within Species And Grades: Moderate to
high variation in color.
49% harder than Northern red oak.
Dimensional Stability: Excellent (change coefficient
.00158; 57% more stable than red oak). However, actual installations
have demonstrated significant movement in use.
Durability: Strength is comparable to hickory, but
density is somewhat lower.
is difficult; wood gums saw teeth and dulls cutting edges; carbine
Sanding: Sands satisfactorily.
Nailing: Good holding ability.
Finishing: Wood stains black in contact with ferrous
metals or moisture.
Comments: High resistance to termites.
(relative to plainsawn select red