Color: Heartwood is
mostly reddish brown; sapwood is generally pale white.
Grain: Mostly closed, straight grain; fine, uniform
texture. Coarser than European beech.
Variations Within Species And Grades: Only one
species is native to the United States. Moderate to high color
variation between boards.
1% harder than Northern red oak.
Dimensional Stability: Below average (change
coefficient .00431; 17% less stable than red oak).
Durability: Elastic, hard; excellent shock
resistance. Wears well and stays smooth when subjected to friction -
popular for factory floors.
to work with hand tools, but good machining qualities.
Sanding: Sands satisfactorily.
Nailing: Good holding ability, but has a tendency to
Finishing: No known problems.
(relative to plainsawn select red